Which is the best definition of the word democracy?
The word democracy most often refers to a form of government in which people choose leaders by voting. What is a democratic system of government?
What is the role of a citizen in promoting democracy?
In a democracy, citizens are free to choose which party to support. Democracy depends on citizen participation in all these ways. But participation must be peaceful, respectful of the law, and tolerant of the different views of other groups and individuals.
What does biofluorescence do to the light spectrum?
Biofluorescence is essentially the ability of an organism, to absorb electromagnetic wavelengths from the visible light spectrum by fluorescent compounds, and the subsequent emission of this at a lower energy level.
What are the basic features of a democracy?
Democracies conduct regular free and fair elections open to citizens of voting age. Citizens in a democracy have not only rights, but also the responsi- bility to participate in the political system that, in turn, protects their rights and free- doms.
noun, plural de·moc·ra·cies. government by the people; a form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral system. government by the people or their elected representatives
How do you use democracy in a sentence?
de·moc·ra·cy. Use democracy in a sentence. The government of the United States is a form of democracy. noun. The definition of democracy is a form of government in which the common people hold political power and can rule either directly or through elected representatives.
What are the different types of Democracies?
Types of democracies are classified according to various distinguishing features, including constitutional democracy, democratic socialism, Jeffersonian democracy, liberal democracy, parliamentary democracy, or presidential democracy, to name a few.
Which is an argument in favor of democracy?
A related instrumental argument for democracy is provided by Amartya Sen, who argues that no substantial famine has ever occurred in any independent country with a democratic form of government and a relatively free press. (Sen 1999: 152)
What are the basic principles of a democracy?
Democracy rests upon the principles of majority rule and individual rights. Democracies guard against all-powerful central gov- ernments and decentralize govern- ment to regional and local levels, understanding that all levels of government must be as accessible and responsive to the people as possible.
How does a country call itself a democracy?
Some people assert that a country calling itself a democracy must be engaged in direct (or pure) democracy, in which the people of a state or region vote directly for policies, rather than elect representatives who make choices on their behalf.
How many types of Democracies are there in the world?
There are two types of democracy: direct and representative. There are three systems of democracies: parliamentary, presidential, and mixed.
How is democracy a constant struggle between society and state?
Democratic practice involves a constant struggle between society and State in which society demands some level of the essence of democracy mixed with some level of dictatorship and the State provides what it considers a balanced mixture. Some level of dictatorship is always required as a control function to avoid anarchy.
Which is an example of a direct democracy?
In a direct democracy, all laws and public policy decisions are made directly by a majority vote of the people, rather than by the votes of their elected representatives. Functionally possible only in small states, Switzerland is the only example of a direct democracy applied on a national level today.
How does the rule of law work in a democracy?
Democracy is a system of rule by laws, not by individuals. In a democracy, the rule of law protects the rights of citizens, maintains order, and limits the power of government. All citizens are equal under the law. No one may be discriminated against on the basis of their race, religion, ethnic group, or gender.
How are the powers of the majority exercised in a democracy?
In the common variant of liberal democracy the powers of the majority are exercised within the framework of a representative democracy, but the constitution limits the majority and protects the minority, usually through the enjoyment by all of certain individual rights, e.g. freedom of speech, or freedom of association.
What are the rights of citizens in a democracy?
In a democratic setting citizens have the right to be informed of public issues and how they affect them. They have the right to express their opinions and interests openly. They also have the right to know how their political leaders and representatives use their constitutional powers.
Which is one of the functions of a democracies?
Democracies understand that oneof their prime functions is to pro-tect such basic human rights asfreedom of speech and religion;the right to equal protection underlaw; and the opportunity to organ-ize and participate fully in thepolitical, economic, and culturallife of society.
What makes a company a democracy or a democracy?
In a democracy, every citizen should have the right to vote. The company is not a democracy; decisions are made by a board of directors, not the workers. There is democracy within the company. Indeed, these efforts aim to engineer volatility to undermine democracy itself.
What is the difference between a republic and a democracy?
However, both democracy and republic have more than a single meaning, and one of the definitions we provide for democracy closely resembles the definition of republic given above: “a government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through a system of representation usually involving
What are the four elements of a democracy?
We can think of democracy as a system of government with four key elements: A political system for choosing and replacing the government through free and fair elections. 2. The active participation of the people, as citizens, in politics and civic life. 3. Protection of the human rights of all citizens. 4.
How does the government work in a democracy?
The people decide who will represent them in parliament, and who will head the government at the national and local levels. They do so by choosing between competing parties in regular, free and fair elections.
What are the human rights of a democracy?
Human Rights: Along with their constitutionally enumerated rights freedoms, democracies protect the human rights of all citizens. In this context, human rights are those rights considered inherent to all human beings, regardless of nationality, sex, national or ethnic origin, color, religion, language, or any other considerations.
Which is a characteristic of a constitutional democracy?
Constitutional democracy – is a type of government that is based on a fundamental law or statute where all the laws and the rights of citizens are written, which every government must respect. Parliamentary system – is a type of government in which citizens elect representatives to a legislative parliament to make the necessary laws and decisions.
What are the characteristics of a pure democracy?
Universal suffrage ensures the representation of all citizens. Pure and representative democracies guarantee freedom of expression and worship. We explain what democracy is, what are the general characteristics of this form of government and the types that exist. What is democracy?
Where did the idea of democracy come from?
However, the main idea of democracy is widely accepted to have originated from Athens in the 5thcentury BC. The Webster New Encyclopaedic Dictionary (1995) defines democracy as a government in which supreme power is invested in the people and exercised by them directly or indirectly through representation.
Is the normative theory of democracy compatible with moral norms?
A large body of opinion has it that most classical normative democratic theory is incompatible with what we can reasonably expect from citizens. Fifth, it surveys different accounts of the proper characterization of equality in the processes of representation and the moral norms of representation.
Which is a characteristic of a well functioning democracy?
Legal equality, political freedom and rule of law are often identified as foundational characteristics for a well-functioning democracy.
Who was the first president to define democracy?
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, in his famed 1863 Gettysburg Address may have best-defined democracy as a “…government of the people, by the people, for the people…” Semantically, the term democracy comes from the Greek words for “people” (dēmos) and “rule” (karatos).