## How are spherical coordinates related to the rectangular Cartesian coordinates?

The spherical coordinates are related to the rectangular Cartesian co-ordinates in such a way that the spherical axis forms a right angle similar in a way that the line in the rectangle whose coordinates are generated through the perpendicular axis.

### How are spherical polar coordinates related?

The distance between any arbitrary point and the planes are the coordinates of that point. A coordinate system with a fixed origin and a zenith direction is a spherical coordinate system. The polar angle is the angle from the zenith direction and the line which connects the point with the origin.

**How to convert Cartesian coordinates to spherical coordinates?**

ρ2 = x2 + y2 + z2 Converting points from Cartesian or cylindrical coordinates into spherical coordinates is usually done with the same conversion formulas. To see how this is done let’s work an example of each. Example 1 Perform each of the following conversions.

**Are there unit vectors in the spherical coordinate system?**

The unit vectors in the spherical coordinate system are functions of position. It is convenient to express them in terms of thesphericalcoordinates and the unit vectors of the rectangularcoordinate system which are notthemselves functions of position.

## Which is the correct Convention for spherical coordinates?

There are many different conventions for spherical coordinates notation, so it’s important to check which variant is being used in any document. The convention used here is common in mathematics. In physics it is also common to use the same angles, but to reverse the symbol convention so that ϕ ϕ is the azimuth and θ θ is the inclination.

### How are transformations executed from polar to Cartesian coordinates?

For vectors, transformations are executed with matrix multiplication. For example, from polar to cartesian: [Ax; Ay] = [cos phi -sin phi ; sin phi cos phi ] * [Ar; Aphi] [10] 2019/08/22 23:44 Under 20 years old / Elementary school/ Junior high-school student / Useful / Purpose of use