What is a purine base in biology?
Purine: One of the two classes of bases in DNA and RNA. The purine bases are guanine (G) and adenine (A). Uric acid, the offending substance in gout, is a purine end-product.
What has a purine base?
The most important biological substituted purines are adenine and guanine, which are the major purine bases found in RNA and DNA. In DNA, guanine and adenine base pair (see Watson-Crick pairing) with cytosine and thymine (see pyrimidines) respectively.
What is purine and pyrimidine base?
Purines and pyrimidines are the nitrogen bases that hold DNA strands together through hydrogen bonds. The purines in DNA are adenine and guanine, the same as in RNA. The pyrimidines in DNA are cytosine and thymine; in RNA, they are cytosine and uracil.
What is the meaning of the purine?
(PYOOR-een) One of two chemical compounds that cells use to make the building blocks of DNA and RNA. Examples of purines are adenine and guanine. Purines are also found in meat and meat products. They are broken down by the body to form uric acid, which is passed in the urine.
What are the nitrogen bases found in RNA?
RNA consists of four nitrogenous bases: adenine, cytosine, uracil, and guanine. Uracil is a pyrimidine that is structurally similar to the thymine, another pyrimidine that is found in DNA.
What are the purine bases in DNA and RNA?
Purines. Adenine and guanine are found in both DNA and RNA. Hypoxanthine and xanthine are not incorporated into the nucleic acids as they are being synthesized but are important intermediates in the synthesis and degradation of the purine nucleotides.
What is purine in chemistry?
Purine, any of a class of organic compounds of the heterocyclic series characterized by a two-ringed structure composed of carbon and nitrogen atoms. The simplest of the purine family is purine itself, a compound with a molecular formula C5H4N4.
What is pyrimidine in biology?
Listen to pronunciation. (py-RIH-mih-deen) One of two chemical compounds that cells use to make the building blocks of DNA and RNA. Examples of pyrimidines are cytosine, thymine, and uracil.
What is the pyrimidine base?
The pyrimidine bases are thymine (5-methyl-2,4-dioxipyrimidine), cytosine (2-oxo-4-aminopyrimidine), and uracil (2,4-dioxoypyrimidine) (Fig. 6.2). Figure 6.2. Pyrimidine bases. Purine bases include adenine (6-aminopurine) and guanine (2-amino-6-oxypurine) (Fig.
What is purines in the body?
Purines are a natural substance found in the body. They are also found in many foods such as liver, shellfish, and alcohol. They can also be formed in the body when DNA is broken down. When purines are broken down to uric acid in the blood, the body gets rid of it when you urinate or have a bowel movement.
What is the purine base that always pairs up with cytosine?
The pyrimidines are cytosine and thymine. It has a single ring structure, a six-membered ring containing nitrogen. A purine base always pairs with a pyrimidine base (guanine (G) pairs with cytosine (C) and adenine (A) pairs with thymine (T) or uracil (U)).
What is the difference between purines and pyrimidines?
Purines and pyrimidines are classified as the two kinds of nitrogen-containing bases. To differentiate their bases, Pyrimidines have a six-member nitrogen-containing ring while purine consists of five-membered plus six-membered nitrogen-containing rings that are stuck together.
What is the purine base found in RNA?
The two purine bases in DNA and RNA are named adenine and guanine.
What is the difference between a purine from a pyrimidine?
The main difference between purines and pyrimidines is that purines contain a six-membered nitrogen-containing ring fused to an imidazole ring whereas pyrimidines contain only a six-membered nitrogen-containing ring.