What are the major disease of mango?
The major diseases are mango malformation, anthracnose, bacterial leaf spot, scab, fruit rot, sooty-mold black mildew, collar rot, brown felt, thread blight, pink disease, shoestring root, leaf spots, blight, powdery mildew, and red rust. Market diseases of mango are caused by a number of pathogens.
What are post harvest diseases?
Postharvest diseases are those that appear and develop after harvest. Outcomes of postharvest diseases. • Products with defects are unmarketable leading to increased. cost of production and occasionally loss of an entire crop.
What are the diseases of mango leaves?
Major 9 diseases of Mango and their management
- Powdery Mildew (Oidium mangiferae)
- Anthracnose/ Blossom Blight (Colletotrichum gloeosporioides)
- Mango malformation (Fusarium mangiferae)
- Alternaria leaf spot (Alternaria alternata)
- Bacterial Canker (Xanthomonas mangiferae)
Which mango disease causes havoc at post harvest loss?
Stem-end rot is one of the most severe postharvest diseases of mango worldwide, cause’s significant postharvest losses of fruit (Ni et al., 2012). Losses can increase during prolonged storage of fruit.
Which fungicide is best for mango trees?
Sodium Bicarbonate. Better known as baking soda, mixing 2 tablespoons with 2 tablespoons of cooking oil in 1 gallon of water produces a preventive fungicide that helps keep diseases from growing and spreading on the mango tree.
What are the post harvest diseases of fruits and vegetables give five examples?
- Blue Mold.
What causes post harvest diseases?
Postharvest diseases are caused by a relatively small number of Ascomycetes and Fungi Imperfecti and by few species of Basidiomycetes and bacteria (Agrios 1997). The bacteria are of the genera Dickeya, Pectobacterium, Xanthomonas, and 254 A.I. Darras Page 3 Pseudomonas.
How do you treat mango disease?
Treating a sick mango for fungal diseases involves using a fungicide. All susceptible parts of the tree should be thoroughly coated with the fungicide before infection occurs. If applied when the tree is already infected, the fungicide will have no effect. Fungicide sprays need to be reapplied on new growth.
Which fertilizer is best for mango tree?
Commonly available fertilizer mixes that are satisfactory for mango trees include 6-6-6 and 8-3-9-2, the 2 indicating magnesium. To encourage flowering and mango yield, additional rapid-release fertilizers containing nitrogen are applied just before mango trees flower.
What are the symptoms of Vikaspedia in mango trees?
High humidity and moist conditions favours the development of disease. The disease is most common in October-November. The symptoms of the disease are noticeable only on old leaves. Initially, the lesions are angular, minute, irregular, yellow to light brown, scattered over leaf lamina.
What causes black spots on mangoes after harvest?
10. Black Rot- It is a post-harvest disease caused by Aspergillus niger van tiegh. Affected fruits show yellowing with irregular grayish spots, which develops into black necrotic area with growth of black mould. Tissues around and beneath the spots disintegrates and emits foul odor.
How to treat postharvest disease of fruits and vegetables?
For management of postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables, three basic approaches like prevention of infection, elimination of incipient or latent infection and prevention of spread of the pathogen in the host tissue is being followed.
What kind of diseases can you get from mango?
Major diseases of mango and their control measures are discussed below. Anthracnose ( Colletotrichum state of Glomerella cingulata Ston, Spaull and Schrenk): The anthracnose disease is of widespread occurrence.