How much does it cost to build a small oil refinery?

How much does it cost to build a small oil refinery?

Finally, the North American Industry Classification Codes (NAICC) identifies the construction costs for small oil and gas structures at below $33.5 million. However, the smallest refinery currently under construction, a 20,000 b/d refinery in North Dakota, reportedly will cost $350 million.

What is a mini refinery?

[Crossref], [Google Scholar]) mini refineries are skid-mounted modular crude oil distillation units which process 200–10,000 bbls/day and are capable of producing finished products like, naphtha (straight run gasoline), kerosene, diesel and fuel oil. A reformer may be added for producing high-octane gasoline.

How many oil refineries are working in Pakistan?

There are five major oil refineries that have a combined installed capacity of slightly over 417,000 barrel per day in Pakistan. The other four refineries are Attock Refinery Limited (ARL), National Refinery Limited (NRL), Pak Arab Refinery (Parco), and Pakistan Refinery Limited (PRL).

What companies are oil refineries?

Top 10 U.S. refineries operable capacity*

Rank Corporation Barrels per calendar day
1 Saudi Aramco 607,000
2 Marathon Petroleum Corp 593,000
3 Marathon Petroleum Corp 578,000
4 ExxonMobil Corp 560,500

What is the cost of Dangote refinery?

$19 Billion
Dangote Refinery Complex in Nigeria Set to Cost $19 Billion – Bloomberg.

What is modular oil refinery?

A modular refinery is a simplified refinery requiring significantly less capital investment than traditional full-scale refinery facilities. The initial process, or Crude Distillation Unit (CDU) allows for simple distillation of crude oil into low octane naphtha, diesel, kerosene and residual fuel oil.

How much does a modular refinery cost?

Specifically, how much does it cost to have a modular refinery? It depends on if you want to refine 1, 000, 2, 000, 3, 000 barrels per day. The more you want to refine at a given time the costlier the refinery will be. However, they range from $100m to $200m depending on the specification of what you need.

Where is Attock Oil Refinery situated?

Rawalpindi, Punjab
The Attock Refinery Limited (اٹک ریفائنری لمیٹڈ) is a Pakistani petroleum company which is a subsidiary of UK-domiciled Attock Oil Company. It is active in crude oil refining in the country. The company is based in Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan.

Which is the oldest oil refinery in Pakistan?

Pakistan Refinery Limited (PRL) (پاکستان ریفائنری لمیٹڈ) is a Pakistani oil refinery which is based in Karachi, Pakistan. Founded in May 1960, it is traded on the Pakistan Stock Exchange….Pakistan Refinery Limited.

Trade name PSX: PRL
Industry Petroleum
Founded 1960 Karachi, Pakistan
Headquarters Karachi, Pakistan
Area served Pakistan

Who is the largest refiner?

Jamnagar Refinery, Reliance Industries – India The Jamnagar Refinery, commissioned in July 1999, is a private sector crude oil refinery and the largest refinery in the world, with a capacity of 1.24 million barrels of oil per day. It’s owned by Reliance Industries Limited and is located in Jamnagar, Gujarat, India.

Where are Exxonmobil refineries?

North America

  • Baton Rouge Refinery, Louisiana.
  • Baytown Refinery, Texas.
  • Beaumont Refinery, Texas.
  • Chalmette Refinery, Louisiana.
  • Exxon Billings Refinery, Montana.
  • Joliet Refinery, Illinois.
  • Torrance Refinery, California.

How much crude oil does a mini refinery produce?

The Mini-Refineries are skid mounted, modular crude oil distillation units (CDU) which process from 50,000 to 450,000 metric tons (1000 – 9,000 BPD) of crude oil per year and are capable of producing a variety of finished products including naphtha (straight run gasoline), kerosene, arctic and summer diesel and fuel oil.

Where are mini refineries used in emerging economies?

Modular mini refineries are best utilized in emerging economies and in remote locations where gasoline, diesel and fuel oil are needed. The local crude oil is normally your lowest cost feed stock because the transportation costs are minimized.

Why are mini refineries the lowest cost feed stock?

The local crude oil is normally your lowest cost feed stock because the transportation costs are minimized. Mini refineries with heavy crudes and low API gravity produce more fuel oil and less naphtha and diesel. Light crudes with high API gravity produce less fuel oil and more naphtha and diesel.

What is the Adu of a modular refinery?

The Modular Refinery will consist of an Atmospheric Distillation Unit (ADU) or Topping Plant, including the following:

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