What was Gough Whitlam major achievements?
Whitlam, prime minister for fewer than three years between 1972 and 1975, pushed through a raft of reforms that radically changed Australia’s economic, legal and cultural landscape. The Whitlam government abolished the death penalty for federal crimes. Legal aid was established, with offices in each state capital.
Which Australian prime minister drowned?
On 17 December 1967, Harold Edward Holt became the third Australian Prime Minister to die in office. His death was subsequently the subject of controversy. The Prime Minister was presumed dead 2 days after he disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach near Portsea in Melbourne.
Why was Whitlam removed from office?
The Governor-General decided that, as Whitlam could not secure supply, and would not resign or advise an election for the House of Representatives, he would have to sack him. Barwick specified that the Prime Minister should also not have refused either to resign or to advise a general election, with which Kerr agreed.
What law reforms did the Whitlam government make to education?
It was in this field that some of the Whitlam Government’s most iconic reforms were enacted, including the abolition of university fees, the granting of ‘state aid’ to independent schools, and the creation of the Schools Commission.
Who was prime minister after Gough Whitlam?
List of officeholders
|No.||Name (Birth–Death)||Term of office|
|21||Gough Whitlam (1916–2014)||11 November 1975|
|22||Malcolm Fraser (1930–2015)||11 March 1983|
|23||Bob Hawke (1929–2019)||20 December 1991|
Why did Gough get sacked?
On 11 November 1975, the Governor-General sacked Whitlam for refusing to resign or to advise an election after failing to obtain Supply. Governor-General Kerr immediately commissioned Opposition leader Malcolm Fraser to form a caretaker government to secure Supply pending a general election.
Is Harold Holt dead?
Harold Holt/Living or Deceased
Who is Harry Holt?
Harold Edward Holt CH (5 August 1908 – 17 December 1967) was an Australian politician who served as the 17th prime minister of Australia from 1966 until his disappearance in 1967. He held office as leader of the Liberal Party.
Who made education free in Australia?
The Whitlam Labor Government
The Whitlam Labor Government abolished university fees on 1 January 1974. By the mid-1980s, however, there was consensus between both major parties that the concept of ‘free’ tertiary education in Australia was untenable due to the increasing participation rate.
Was university ever free in the UK?
Tuition fees were first introduced across the entire United Kingdom in September 1998 under the Labour government of Tony Blair to fund tuition for undergraduate and postgraduate certificate students at universities; students were required to pay up to £1,000 a year for tuition.
Who was known as the father of federation?
Sir Henry Parkes
Politician known as the ‘Father of Federation’. Sir Henry Parkes was described during his lifetime by The Times of London as ‘the most commanding figure in Australian politics’. He was a political survivor, evidenced by the fact that he was premier of colonial New South Wales five times between 1872 and 1891.