Does meningococcal cause pneumonia?
Primary meningococcal pneumonia occurs in 5-10% of patients with meningococcal infection and is indistinguishable clinically from pneumonia caused by other common pathogens. Fever, chills and pleuritic chest pain are the most common symptoms, occurring in > 50% of cases.
How is meningococcal pneumonia transmitted?
People spread meningococcal bacteria to other people by sharing respiratory and throat secretions (saliva or spit). Generally, it takes close (for example, coughing or kissing) or lengthy contact to spread these bacteria.
What is chronic meningococcemia?
Chronic meningococcemia is a rare, recurring, chronic infection of Neisseria meningitidis, which typically presents with an acute febrile illness. Chronic meningococcemia is typically associated with serogroup B N meningitidis. It can affect both adults and children.
What are the symptoms of meningococcal pneumonia?
Signs and symptoms of meningococcal disease usually start suddenly and include fever, headache, and a stiff neck. It can start with symptoms similar to influenza (flu). Often people with meningococcal disease also have nausea, vomiting, increased sensitivity to light, rash, and confusion.
What causes pneumococcal pneumonia?
Causes & Transmission Many people think pneumococcal pneumonia is a cold or the flu, but it’s not. Pneumococcal pneumonia is caused by bacteria that live in the upper respiratory tract, and it can spread to others through coughing or close contact.
Is meningococcal pneumonia airborne?
Bacterial meningitis is NOT spread through casual contact or the airborne route; however, some bacteria can be spread by close contact with respiratory droplets (e.g., in daycare centers).
What are the signs and symptoms of meningococcemia?
Meningococcal Septicemia (aka Meningococcemia)
- Fever and chills.
- Fatigue (feeling tired)
- Cold hands and feet.
- Severe aches or pain in the muscles, joints, chest, or abdomen (belly)
- Rapid breathing.
- In the later stages, a dark purple rash (see photos)
Can meningococcemia lead to tuberculosis?
Infected meninges can result in a life-threatening condition known as meningeal tuberculosis. Meningeal tuberculosis is also known as tubercular meningitis or TB meningitis.
Can adults get meningococcal disease?
Invasive meningococcal infection is most common in babies and young children, and older teenagers and young adults, but infection can occur at any age. Symptoms may include high fever, chills, headache, neck stiffness, nausea and vomiting, drowsiness, confusion, and severe muscle and joint pains.