Can torticollis causes nystagmus?
Studies have confirmed that the most common causes of ocular torticollis are incomitant strabismus and nystagmus.
Can torticollis cause eye problems?
vision problems (called ocular torticollis) abnormal reaction to certain medications (called a dystonic reaction) spasmus nutans (a usually benign condition that causes head bobbing along with uncontrolled eye movements)
What is ocular torticollis?
Torticollis is a persistent tipping and or turning of the head, and when it is done to prevent double vision or blurring it is called ocular torticollis.
How is ocular torticollis treated?
Treatment is usually surgical, with extent and location dependent upon on the underlying cause. While corrective surgery has usually been done on an elective basis for cosmetic purposes, there is evidence that uncorrected torticollis can cause musculoskeletal problems.
Is torticollis a neurological condition?
Cervical dystonia, also known as spasmodic torticollis, is a rare neurological disorder that originates in the brain. It is the most common form of focal dystonia in an office setting.
What is congenital nystagmus?
Idiopathic congenital nystagmus is defined as conjugated, spontaneous and involuntary ocular oscillations that appear at birth or during the first three months of life. This nystagmus persists throughout life. The frequency is estimated to 1 in 1500 births.
What is Duane syndrome?
Duane syndrome (DS) is an eye movement disorder present at birth (congenital) characterized by horizontal eye movement limitation: a limited ability to move the eye inward toward the nose (adduction), outward toward the ear (abduction), or in both directions.
Can a tumor cause torticollis?
Background and Purpose: Torticollis is commonly congenital muscular torticollis. Other causes include boney anomalies, neurological abnormalities, or visual impairments. A brain tumor may cause torticollis, but rarely without other symptoms.
How do you test for nystagmus?
Other tests that may be used to diagnose nystagmus are:
- eye-movement recordings (to confirm the type of nystagmus and see details of the eye movements)
- an ear exam.
- a neurological exam.
- tests to get images of the brain, including computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
What is the etiology of ocular torticollis?
In general, the etiology of torticollis may be ocular, neurologic or orthopedic. When due to an ocular cause, the head position occurs to compensate for an ocular condition. This may include a condition such as infantile nystagmus syndrome to improve the vision or incomitant strabismus to improve binocularity.
Do You need Glasses for ocular torticollis surgery?
As with any eye muscle surgery, it is outpatient with rapid recovery being usual. Glasses, often with a small amount of prism may enhance the results of surgery.
What kind of surgery can you do for nystagmus?
Modern eye muscle surgery can reduce nystagmus and improve the head position in many cases. Similarly, with careful diagnostic measurements of all of the eye muscles, the ophthalmologist can design strabismus surgery to improve the imbalances between muscles, so that the head tilt or turn is no longer necessary to achieve single vision.
Who was the first doctor to diagnose torticollis?
Alfred Herbert Tubby, an orthopaedic surgeon, was the first to define, in 1912, Torticollis as a deformity, either congenital or acquired, which involved tilting of the head, facial asymmetry, and neck twisting. Torticollis refers to the twisted neck or persistent tipping or tilting of the head.