How many people died in the Banda Aceh Earthquake?
2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami timeline +20 to 30 minutes: Tsunami waves more than 100 feet high pound the Banda Aceh coast, killing about 170,000 people and destroying buildings and infrastructure.
Where was the Banda Aceh Earthquake?
Indonesia’s Meteorology, Climatology, and Geophysical Agency reported a magnitude 5.2 quake in Indonesia near Banda Aceh, Kota Banda Aceh, Aceh, only 11 minutes ago. The earthquake hit late at night on Friday 30 April 2021 at 10:43 pm local time at a shallow depth of 10 km.
Is Banda Aceh in the Ring of Fire?
Assessment of vulnerability with respect to seismic activity for Indonesian cities like Banda Aceh is a concern not only because Indonesia lies on the ring of fire where seismic activity is high, but also because Banda Aceh stands on Holocene fluvial basin sediment and is surrounded by the Aceh and Seulimeum fault …
What is a 4.5 earthquake?
Events with magnitudes greater than 4.5 are strong enough to be recorded by a seismograph anywhere in the world, so long as its sensors are not located in the earthquake’s shadow. The following describes the typical effects of earthquakes of various magnitudes near the epicenter.
How long did the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami last?
Over the next seven hours, a tsunami—a series of immense ocean waves—triggered by the quake reached out across the Indian Ocean, devastating coastal areas as far away as East Africa. Some locations reported that the waves had reached a height of 30 feet (9 metres) or more when they hit the shoreline.
Is 5.9 A big earthquake?
What Are Earthquake Hazards?…Earthquake Magnitude Scale.
|Magnitude||Earthquake Effects||Estimated Number Each Year|
|5.5 to 6.0||Slight damage to buildings and other structures.||350|
|6.1 to 6.9||May cause a lot of damage in very populated areas.||100|
|7.0 to 7.9||Major earthquake. Serious damage.||10-15|
How big was the earthquake in Banda Aceh?
The earthquake ruptured a surface of at least 400 km long and 100km wide, with an average slip of 10-15 meters, and local maximum of 20-25 meters. This gives a magnitude Mw ~9. Some models use an even longer rupture, up to 800 km further north, almost to the Andaman Islands.
When did the Sumatra earthquake happen in 2004?
On the morning of December 26th, 2004 in SE Asia, 30 kmbelow sea level, off the coast of northern Sumatra, Indonesia, the Earth crust ruptured with dramatic consequences for the surrounding countries. A major earthquake (the fourth in instrumental seismology history) just happened.
Where was the epicenter of the Aceh earthquake?
The earthquake occurred on the oblique boundary between the Australian plate (near the separation with the Indian plate) and the Sundaland plate. Here the Australian plate plunges under the Indonesian islands of Java and Sumatra, in what geophysicist call a subduction.
Where was the epicenter of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake?
The hypocentre of the main earthquake was approximately 160 km (100 mi) off the western coast of northern Sumatra, in the Indian Ocean just north of Simeulue island at a depth of 30 km (19 mi) below mean sea level (initially reported as 10 km or 6.2 mi).