What is casuistry theory?
Casuistry (/ˈkæzjuɪstri/ KAZ-yoo-is-tree) is a process of reasoning that seeks to resolve moral problems by extracting or extending theoretical rules from a particular case, and reapplying those rules to new instances. This method occurs in applied ethics and jurisprudence.
What is an example of casuistry?
The definition of casuistry is the use of morals or beliefs in decisions of right and wrong in order to reach or rationalize a solution. An example of casuistry is a Buddhist believing that something bad is happening to him because the universe is balancing his karmic debt.
What is casuistry in medical ethics?
In conclusion, casuistry is the exercise of prudential or practical reasoning in recognition of the relationship between maxims, circumstances and topics, as well as the relationship of paradigms to analogous cases.
What does casuistry mean?
1 : a resolving of specific cases of conscience, duty, or conduct through interpretation of ethical principles or religious doctrine. 2 : specious argument : rationalization.
What is casuistry in nursing?
Casuistry, or case based reasoning, does not focus on rules and theories but rather on practical decision- making in particular cases based on precedent. It would then make a comparison with other similar cases, identifying the relative risks of non-disclosure.
What is consequentialism as an ethical theory?
Consequentialism is a theory that suggests an action is good or bad depending on its outcome. An action that brings about more benefit than harm is good, while an action that causes more harm than benefit is not. The most famous version of this theory is Utilitarianism.
What is consequentialism theory with example?
Consequentialism is an ethical theory that judges whether or not something is right by what its consequences are. For instance, most people would agree that lying is wrong. Two examples of consequentialism are utilitarianism and hedonism.
How is casuistry used in the field of ethics?
Casuistry, in ethics, a case-based method of reasoning. It is particularly employed in field-specific branches of professional ethics such as business ethics and bioethics. Casuistry typically uses general principles in reasoning analogically from clear-cut cases, called paradigms, to vexing cases. Similar cases are treated similarly.
What is the definition of casuistry in law?
Definition. Casuistry is the ” [s]tudy of cases of conscience and a method of solving conflicts of obligations by applying general principles of ethics, religion, and moral theology to particular and concrete cases of human conduct. This frequently demands an extensive knowledge of natural law and equity, civil law, ecclesiastical precepts,…
How is casuistry used to solve cases of conscience?
Casuistry is the ” [s]tudy of cases of conscience and a method of solving conflicts of obligations by applying general principles of ethics, religion, and moral theology to particular and concrete cases of human conduct.
When did casuistry become a synonym for specious moral reasoning?
By the mid-18th century, “casuistry” had become a synonym for specious moral reasoning. However, Puritans were known for their own development of casuistry.