What is jhum cultivation in Meghalaya?
Jhum cultivation is one of the most ancient systems of farming believed to have. originated in the Neolithic period around 7000 BC. It is called slash and burn method of. cultivation. The system is regarded as the first step in transition from food gathering and.
Which is the cultivation Practised in Meghalaya?
The shifting cultivation and terrace (bun) agriculture are two major farming systems, prevalent in Meghalaya. Tree based farming practices are also prevalent in the state. The crops are grown in association with tree species like alder, Aquilaria, areca nut, coconut, bamboo, Khasi pine, etc.
What we called shifting cultivation in Meghalaya?
In the hilly region of Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura, shifting cultivation locally known as jhum, continues to be a dominant mode of food production and is considered as primary means of economic mainstay.
Which state is famous for jhum cultivation?
Locally referred to as jhum cultivation, this practice is considered as an important mainstay of food production for a considerable population in northeast India in States like Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland, Mizoram, Meghalaya, Tripura and Manipur.
What is Jhumming?
‘Jhumming’ is another name given to the ‘slash and burn’ agricultural practice. In this type of farming, farmers usually choose a piece of land, then cut the trees down and burn them. They then cultivate the land and grow crops on it, leaving it to find another when its maximum capability has been reached.
What is the name of shifting cultivation in Odisha?
Shifting cultivation in India is known as jhum in Assam, punam krishi is Kerala, podu in Andhra Pradesh and Orissa, bewar, mashan, penda and beera in different parts of Madhya Pradesh. Shifting cultivation is practiced by tribal people. …
Which of the following crops cultivated in the Garo hills of Meghalaya?
Fibre Crops – Department of Agriculture, Government of Meghalaya. Cotton, Jute and Mesta are the important fibre crops grown in the State. These crops have been the traditional cash crops of Garo Hills. Among these, Cotton has the highest area under cultivation and is grown exclusively in the Garo Hills districts.
What is the cropping pattern of Meghalaya?
Meghalaya’s cropping pattern was rice/cereal dominated, but by 2006, there had been a decline in the relative share of total paddy in the state’s gross cropped.
What is Zabo cultivation?
‘Zabo’, which means ‘impounding water’, is an ingenious method of catching rainwater from running off the mountains. It involves the preservation of forests on the hill tops as they are the catchment for the water. At the next level are the ponds dug out to hold rainwater, which is brought there through small channels.
What is jhum and shifting cultivation?
Shifting cultivation or jhum, predominantly practiced in the north-east of India is an agricultural system where a farming community slashes secondary forests on a predetermined location, burns the slash and cultivates the land for a limited number of years.
Is jhum cultivation banned in India?
The Forest Policy (1988) considers jhum lands as forest land and it discourages shifting cultivation. However, agricultural development programmes promote agriculture, horticulture and cash crops on jhum lands as such lands are perceived as arable agricultural land.
Which state is called as the brother of the northeastern states?
They are Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Manipur, Mizoram, Nagaland and Tripura which share borders with one another. Sikkim is separated from the “sisters” by Bhutan in between and is sometimes called their “brother”.
What are the traditional farming methods in Meghalaya?
Traditional Farming Methods in Meghalaya Local folks of Meghalaya mostly use two types of farming practices, the shifting cultivation, and the terrace or bun cultivation. These traditional farming methods are properly adapted to the environmental conditions of Meghalaya.
Which is the best alternative to jhum in India?
Farmers in Adokgre and adjoining areas in North Garo Hills of Meghalaya, India, have adopted banana cultivation as a viable alternative to jhum, which means shifting cultivation, for sustenance. Jhum is prevalent in several parts of the Northeast region of India. As per this practice, forest area is cleared in order to carry out agriculture.
Who are the jhummias in the Himalayan region?
It is still in vogue in Meghalaya as well as the Himalayan region. About 350,000 people practice shifting cultivation on about 4,160 km sq. of surveyed lands. The folks who practice Jhum cultivation are called Jhummias. ( source)
Which is the main occupation of people in Meghalaya?
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people in Meghalaya, 83% of the total population depends on agriculture. However, the agricultural land accounts for only about 48% of the total geographical area of Meghalaya.