What percentage of diseases are communicable?
In high-income nations, NCDs typically account for more than 80 percent of disease burden. In contrast, communicable diseases to be low, at less than 5 percent. The opposite is true in low-income nations; communicable disease still accounts for more than 60 percent across many countries.
What are the leading global burden of communicable disease?
With malnutrition as a common contributor, the five biggest infectious killers in the world are acute respiratory infections, HIV/AIDS, diarrhea, malaria and tuberculosis, responsible for nearly 80% of the total infectious disease burden and claiming about 12 million people per year mainly in developing countries ( …
Why communicable diseases are common in developing countries?
Poverty, poor education, low health knowledge, poor infrastructure, geographic factors, life style, and environmental factors (i.e., limited access to resources such as clean water) have been identified as primary factors contributing to the high incidence of infectious diseases among women in developing countries.
Why are communicable diseases increasing in developing countries?
The transition from infectious diseases to NCDs in LMICs has been driven by a number of factors, often indicative of economic development: a move from traditional foods to processed foods high in fat, salt and sugar, a decrease in physical activity with sedentary lifestyles, and changed cultural norms such as …
How many diseases are in the world?
The focus is really on rare diseases, but a credible case can be made that there are at least 10,000 diseases in the world, though there is likely more. And there are a bit over 500 treatments.
What is the most infectious disease in the world?
Perhaps the most notorious of all infectious diseases, the bubonic and pneumonic plagues are believed to be the cause of the Black Death that rampaged through Asia, Europe and Africa in the 14th century killing an estimated 50 million people.
What percentage of all deaths globally are due to infectious disease?
|High-income countries||Deaths (in millions)||Deaths (in millions)|
|2. Cerebrovascular disease||0.78||4.61|
|3. Trachea, bronchus, and lung cancer||0.46||3.41|
|4. Lower respiratory infections||0.34||2.55|
|5. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease||0.30||2.49|
How much percentage of communicable diseases are waterborne?
Around 3.1% of deaths in the world are due to unhygienic and poor quality of water. The World Health Organization estimates that 80% of diseases worldwide are waterborne.
How do communicable diseases affect the world?
Communicable diseases remain a major global public health threat worldwide. For example, malaria and HIV/AIDS are mass killers, with the populations in poor countries being hit the hardest. In addition, rapidly developing microbial resistance has led to a new dimension of threat posed by infectious disease.
What are the 10 leading communicable diseases in the Philippines?
Acute Respiratory Infection.
What is the most communicable disease in the US?
The top five most contagious infectious diseases include respiratory tract infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, HIV/AIDS, diarrheal diseases, tuberculosis and malaria. Respiratory tract infections, especially lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia are considered the most contagious and deadly.
What is the most deadly infectious disease?
TB is currently the deadliest infectious disease, responsible for 1.6 million deaths last year, most of them in the developing world. And that’s not the scariest part. A rapidly growing number of patients are developing drug-resistant tuberculosis, which kills more people than any other drug-resistant pathogen.
How are communicable and infectious diseases different?
The crucial difference between these words is that an infectious disease is spread through the environment , like through the air or drinking water. A contagious disease is spread through contact with an already sick person.