What happened at the revolt of Mytilene?
The Mytilenean revolt was an incident in the Peloponnesian War in which the city of Mytilene attempted to unify the island of Lesbos under its control and revolt from the Athenian Empire. The Athenian assembly wavered; an order for mass execution was issued on the first day of debate but countermanded on the next.
Who won the Peloponnesian War and why?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
What caused the Peloponnesian War to break out?
Sparta and its allies accused Athens of aggression and threatened war. On the advice of Pericles, its most influential leader, Athens refused to back down. Diplomatic efforts to resolve the dispute failed. Finally, in the spring of 431, a Spartan ally, Thebes, attacked an Athenian ally, Plataea, and open war began.
How did Athens lose the Peloponnesian War?
Hostilities resumed between Athens and Sparta with an assault launched by the Athenians at Sicily. It would be another decade of warfare before the Spartan general Lysander defeated the Athenian fleet at Aegospotami. This defeat led to Athenian surrender. As a result, the Peloponnesian War was concluded.
What was the end result of the Mytilenean debate?
Results of the debate Mytilene’s oligarchy was removed and democracy installed; the Athenians razed the city walls and divided most of the Lesbian land, which was distributed to Athenians. This may be contrasted with the later Melian Dialogue—where Athens killed all the men and sold the women and children into slavery.
Are there any Spartans left?
The helots also helped the Spartans in wars against other peoples. But the helots were unhappy at having lost their freedom and there were many more helots than Spartans. That meant they could possibly rise up and fight back against the Spartans who had captured them.
How many Spartans died in the Peloponnesian War?
|Pericles (died in 429 BC) Cleon † Nicias Alcibiades (in exile) Demosthenes||Archidamus II Brasidas † Lysander Alcibiades (in exile)|
|Casualties and losses|
|At least 18,070 soldiers unknown number of civilian casualties.||unknown|
Why did Sparta Not Destroy Athens?
It celebrated its victory over Athens as the dawn of liberty for Greece. Sparta, however, had another motive for sparing Athens: they feared that a destroyed Athens would add to the growth in influence of Thebes, just north of Athens.
What was the purpose of the Mytilenean revolt?
Mytilenean revolt. The Mytilenean revolt was an incident in the Peloponnesian War in which the city of Mytilene attempted to unify the island of Lesbos under its control and revolt from the Athenian Empire. In 428 BC, the Mytilenean government planned a rebellion in concert with Sparta, Boeotia, and certain other cities on the island,…
When did the Peloponnesians start the Siege of Mytilene?
The Athenian managed to raise a fresh fleet of 100 warships, and faced with this unexpected resistance the Peloponnesian fleet withdrew. The formal siege of Mytilene didn’t begin until the autumn of 428 BC.
Why did Sparta take no action in the Mytilene revolt?
Sparta, although it agreed to send support and prepared a fleet, was cowed by an Athenian show of force and took no action at this time. On Lesbos, meanwhile, the arrival of 1,000 Athenian hoplites allowed Athens to complete the investment of Mytilene by walling it in on land.
Who was in charge of the Siege of Mytilene?
At the start of Autumn 428 the Athenians sent 1,000 citizen hoplites, under the command of Paches, son of Epicurus, to conduct the siege. This new army was large enough to complete the blockade of Mytilene. They built a single wall around the city, with forts at key locations.