What is the purpose of Gram Nyayalaya Act?

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What is the purpose of Gram Nyayalaya Act?

An Act to provide for the establishment of Gram Nyayalayas at the grass roots level for the purposes of providing access to justice to the citizens at their doorsteps and to ensure that opportunities for securing justice are not denied to any citizen by reason of social, economic or other disabilities and for matters …

Can gram nyayalaya hear criminal cases?

As per the Act, Gram Nyayalayas can hear both criminal and civil cases and appeals in civil cases will have to be disposed of in six months.

Which states have gram nyayalaya?

A bench headed by Justice N V Ramana also took into account the fact that several states have issued notifications for establishing ‘Gram Nyayalayas’ but all of them were not functioning except in Kerala, Maharashtra and Rajasthan.

What is Gram Nyayalaya Upsc?

Gram Nyayalayas: Gram Nyayalayas or village courts are established under the Gram Nyayalayas Act, 2008 for speedy and easy access to the justice system in the rural areas of India. The Act came into force from 2nd October 2009.

Who can be Nyayadhikari?

2. While appointing a Nyayadhikari, representation shall be given to the members of the Scheduled Castes, the Scheduled Tribes, women and such other classes or communities as may be specified by notification, by the State Government from time to time.

Is a small village court?

Gram Nyayalaya is a mobile court and exercises the powers of both Criminal and Civil Courts; i.e., the seat of the Gram Nyayalaya will be located at the headquarters of the intermediate Panchayat, but they will go to villages, work there and dispose of the cases.

How many grams is nyayalaya in India?

The Act came into force from 2 October 2009. However, the Act has not been enforced properly, with only 208 functional Gram Nyayalayas in the country (as of 03 September 2019) against a target of 5000 such courts.

What is the other name of Lok Adalat?

Lok Adalat (People’s Court) is Statutory Organisation under Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987,and created as an alternative dispute resolution mechanism used in India. It is a forum where cases pending on panchayat, or at a pre-litigation stage in a court of law, are settled.

Who is the father of Lok Adalat in India?

Answer: Dr. Justice A.S. Anand, Judge, Supreme Court of India took over as the Executive Chairman of National Legal Services Authority on 17the July, 1997. Soon after assuming the office, His Lordship initiated steps for making the National Legal Services Authority functional.

When did Gram Nyayalaya Act come into force?

The Gram Nyayalaya Act, 2008 is an act of Parliament of India enacted for establishment of Gram Nyayalaya or village courts for speedy and easy access to justice. The Act came into force from 2 nd October, 2009. ‘Gram’ stands for village; ‘nyaya’ stands for justice and ‘alya’ stands for house or centre.

What kind of jurisdiction does Gram Nyayalaya have?

11 Jurisdiction of Gram Nyayalaya. Notwithstanding anything contained in the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (2 of 1974) or the Code of Civil Procedure, 1908 (5 of 1908) or any other law for the time being in force, the Gram Nyayalaya shall exercise both civil and criminal jurisdiction in the manner and to the extent provided under this Act.

What are the criminal offences under Gram Nyayalayas Act?

They are discussed below: Schedule I enlists those offences which are within the ambit of nyayalayas’ adjudication. Criminal offences such as theft, concealment, receiving and disposal of stolen goods, insult with malice of disrupting peace are some amongst other offences that are decided by the rural courts.

What are the terms and conditions of service of Nyayadhikari?

Salary, allowances and other terms and conditions of service of Nyayadhikari.—The salary and other allowances payable to, and the other terms and conditions of service of, a Nyayadhikari shall be such as may be applicable to the Judicial Magistrate of the first class. 8. Nyayadhikari not to preside over proceedings in which he is interested.

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