What is the genitive in German?

What is the genitive in German?

The genitive case in German will mostly be used to show possession, but can also be replaced by von+dative. Feminine nouns have no ending in the genitive case, while masculine and neutral nouns mostly take the ending -s or -es, sometimes also -(e)n. The adjective ending for the genitive will almost always be -en.

What are the genitive prepositions in German?

There are only a few common genitive prepositions in German, including: (an)statt (instead of), außerhalb/innerhalb (outside/inside of), trotz (in spite of), während (during) and wegen (because of). Notice that most of the time the genitive prepositions can be translated with “of” in English.

Are there genitive pronouns in German?

Genitive Case or Possessive Pronouns The German pronouns in the genitive case are: meiner “of me” (first person singular) Ihrer “of you” (second person singular formal) seiner “of him, of it” (third person singular masculine)

How do you know if your a genitive case?

The genitive case is a grammatical case for nouns and pronouns. It is most commonly used for showing possession. Typically, forming the genitive case involves adding an apostrophe followed by “s” to the end of a noun.

How do you write genitive in German?

You also need to add an -s or -es to the genitive noun when it’s masculine or neuter….Changes in the genitive case

  1. mein – my.
  2. dein – your (informal, singular)
  3. sein – his.
  4. ihr – her.
  5. unser – our.
  6. euer – your (informal, plural)
  7. Ihr – your (formal, singular and plural)
  8. ihr – their.

What is genitive preposition?

Main Takeaways. Prepositions introduce prepositional phrases, which always include a noun(s). Genitive prepositions technically require nouns that are in the genitive case. HOWEVER, colloquially, it is common to pair genitive prepositions with the dative case.

How do you identify a genitive case?

When to use the genitive case in German?

We use genitive after certain prepositions, verbs, and adjectives. Articles, nouns, pronouns and adjectives have to be declined to reflect the genitive case. We can use the question wessen (whose) to find the genitive case in German. Master the genitive case with Lingolia’s complete declension tables then test yourself in the exercises.

When to use the E in German genitive?

The “e” is left in nouns ending with “ -e, -el, -er ” or in nouns ending in vowels. Declension without endings (“die Frau – der Frau”). Here belong all the female nouns in genitive. In plural, always the article “der” is used and the noun is written as it would be in nominative. Welcome to language-easy.org!

How are the three genders indicated in der Genitiv?

Here are the the ways in which the three genders and their plurals are indicated as being in the genitive case: Note that the possessive adjectives ( mein, dein, sein, ihr, etc.) are not genitive in and of themselves. Nor is the interrogative wessen (= “whose”).

Is the genitive disappearing from the German language?

Germans will often assert that the genitive is disappearing from the language. It is certainly used less than one or two centuries ago, but it still occupies an important position. Primarily, the genitive designates a relationship between two nouns in which one of them belongs to the other.

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