What is Quick ligase?
The Quick Ligation™ Kit enables ligation of cohesive end or blunt end DNA fragments in 5 minutes at room temperature. ( 25°C ) Fast – 5 minutes for cohesive or blunt ends. Convenient – ligation performed at room temperature.
How much DNA is needed for ligation?
The overall concentration of vector + insert should be between 1-10 μg/ml for efficient ligation.
Is it necessary to heat inactivate ligase?
Yes, T4 DNA Ligase can be heat inactivated by incubating at 65°C for 10 minutes. If the reaction buffer contains PEG, heat inactivation will inhibit transformation. In most common applications, heat inactivation prior to transformation is not necessary and should be avoided when possible.
How does T4 ligase work?
T4 DNA Ligase catalyzes the joining of two cohesive- or blunt-ended strands of DNA between the 5´-phosphate and the 3´-hydroxyl groups of adjacent nucleotides. The enzyme will not join single-stranded nucleic acids.
Can a blunt-end self Ligate?
The very process makes the ends blunt and prevents self-ligation. But in addition to difficult deactivation of the phosphatase latter, less concentration of the dephosphorylated vector is also a problem. However, it works fine.
Why sticky end is better than blunt-end?
The advantage of sticky ends is that a fragment of human DNA can only fit into a bacterial plasmid in one direction. In contrast, if both the human DNA and bacterial plasmid have blunt ends, the human DNA can be inserted head-to-tail or tail-to-head into the plasmid.
Why is ligase needed?
The covalent joining of polynucleotides catalyzed by the DNA ligase is a necessary event in DNA repair, recombination, and most notably DNA replication which requires the joining of “Okazaki” fragments (the small, nascent ssDNA fragments generated from the copying of the minus strand).
Why do you heat inactivate restriction enzyme?
Enzyme heat inactivation step leads to an irreversible effect. The goal being to both inactivate enzyme activity and also to prevent any binding of the enzyme to DNA which might interfere with downstream applications.
Does ligase work on the leading strand?
Explanation: The purpose of DNA ligase is to join the okazaki fragments that are manufactured at lagging strand of replication fork. While at leading strand, the nucleotides are added continuously to the growing 3′ end. So it doesn’t have any okazaki fragments, hence it doesn’t need DNA ligase .