What is relative deviance?
Deviance is relative means that there is no absolute way of defining a deviant act. As such deviance varies from time to time and place to place. In a particular society an act that is considered deviant today may be detained as normal in future. Social deviance should not be confused with statistical rarity.
Which theory explains why deviant behavior is relative?
relativism-states that deviance is not inherent in any particular act, belief, or condition; instead it is socially constructed, a creation of collective human judgements and ideas.
What are the theories that explain the existence of deviance and deviance?
While there are many different sociological theories about crime, there are four primary perspectives about deviance: Structural Functionalism, Social Strain Typology, Conflict Theory, and Labeling Theory.
What are the major theories of deviance?
The four theories of deviance are The Learning Theory, The Strain Theory, The Social-Bond Theory and the Labeling Theory.
What is Robert Merton’s theory of deviance?
Robert K. Merton’s theory of deviance which holds that many forms of deviance are caused by a disjunction between society’s goals and the approved means to achieve these goals. In sociology and criminology, strain theory states that social structures within society may pressure citizens to commit crime.
What is the difference between deviance and crime?
In a nutshell, crime is an act of contravening the laws of the society as enacted by the government, whereas deviance refers to an act of contravening the societal norms and standards. This article highlights the key differences between crime and deviance.
What is the theoretical perspective of deviance?
Sociologist Edwin Sutherland studied deviance from the symbolic interactionist perspective. The basic tenet of his theory of differential association is that deviance is a learned behavior—people learn it from the different groups with which they associate. His theory counters arguments that deviant behavior is biological or due to personality.