What is the scientific name for colon cancer?
Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).
Is Adenocarcinoma a colon cancer?
Adenocarcinoma is a type of cancer that starts in the cells that form glands making mucus to lubricate the inside of the colon and rectum. This is the most common type of colon and rectum cancer.
What is a colorectal cancer in medical terms?
(KOH-loh-REK-tul KAN-ser) Cancer that develops in the colon (the longest part of the large intestine) and/or the rectum (the last several inches of the large intestine before the anus).
What is the life expectancy of someone with colon cancer?
When the colon cancer is detected in the first stage and when the cancerous cells spread to the central colon layers, the life expectancy is about 5 years in 95% of the cases.
How does adenocarcinoma start in the colon and rectum?
Adenocarcinomas of the colon and rectum typically start as a growth of tissue called a polyp. A particular type of polyp called an adenoma may develop into cancer. Polyps are often removed during a routine colonoscopy before they may develop into cancer.
What are the early signs of colon cancer?
Signs and Symptoms. Unfortunately, there are generally no signs or symptoms during the early stages of colon cancer, but as the illness progresses, patients will notice some of the following: Constipation or diarrhea. A person’s stool consistency will change, where narrow or loose stool develops.
What are the stages of Stage 4 colon cancer?
Stage 4 colon cancer is classified into two categories, stage 4A and 4B: 4A stage. This stage indicates that cancer has spread to one distant site, such as the liver or lungs. 4B stage. This most advanced stage of colon cancer indicates cancer has spread to two or more distant sites, such as the lungs and liver.