What is Aristotle polity?
Politeia (πολιτεία) is an ancient Greek word used in Greek political thought, especially that of Plato and Aristotle. Derived from the word polis (“city-state”), it has a range of meanings from “the rights of citizens” to a “form of government”.
What type of government did Aristotle believe in?
Aristotle considers constitutional government, in which the masses are granted citizenship and govern with everyone’s interest in mind, one of the best forms of government. It combines elements of oligarchy and democracy, finding a compromise between the demands of both the rich and the poor.
What were Aristotle’s six types of government?
Terms in this set (6)
- kingship. government by one virtuous ruler.
- aristocracy. government by the virtuous few for the good of all.
- polity. constitutional government in which everyone has a share in political power.
- tyranny. rule by one lawless ruler.
- oligarchy. rule by the wealthy few in their own interest.
What two types of constitutions did Aristotle use to create his polity?
Aristotle has classified the constitutions into two broad categories—right or ideal constitution or government, and wrong or perverted form of government. The constitutions which aim at the common interest or good are called the ideal or right constitutions.
What does polity mean in government?
1 : political organization. 2 : a specific form of political organization. 3 : a politically organized unit.
What is polity government?
English Language Learners Definition of polity : something (such as a country or state) that has a government : a politically organized unit. : a form of government.
What is a polity government?
The definition of a polity is a political or government organization, or a form of church government. An example of a polity is a local government group. noun. 7. The form of government of a nation, state, church, or organization.
How did Aristotle influence American democracy?
One of the political philosophers who influenced the framers was an ancient Greek, Aristotle. He lived, taught and wrote more than 2,000 years earlier. The writings of Aristotle helped guide the Philadelphia delegates in writing the new American Constitution.
What did Aristotle mean by Polity quizlet?
Aristotle saw the polity (what we might call constitutional democracy) as the rule of many in the interests of all and the best form of government.
Why did Aristotle consider the polity to be the best form of government quizlet?
What is the most important aspect of a government according to Aristotle (Plato, and Socrates)? This is why Aristotle’s ideal form of government is a legitimate rule by few. The fewer the people in charge, the easier decisions will be reached.
Why did Aristotle support democracy?
For Aristotle, democracies [as he defined them] were very polarized societies, containing rich and poor and not much in between. Part of the reason Aristotle liked democratic systems is that he believed in the wisdom of crowds. This is useful, because all societies must evolve their governing rules as needs change.
What is Aristotle’s definition of a democracy?
For Aristotle, a democracy is the rule of the poor and the rule of the majority. When making his decision on virtuous or non-virtuous, Aristotle says that a rule of the majority must be non-virtuous in practice because it is too difficult to find a majority who can be virtuous.
What were Aristotle’s three forms of government?
Aristotle identified three basic forms of government: rule by one person, the few or many. He identified the monarchic, aristocratic and constitutional as types of governments that ruled for the common good, whereas tyrannies, oligarchies and democracies were primarily interested in benefitting the rulers themselves.
What were Aristotle’s ideas of government?
Aristotle was of the opinion that constitutional government was the optimal form, which made him opposed to mob rule and to tyranny. Aristotle’s political view is an enlargement of his ethical view as stated in the Nichomachian Ethics. It is virtue based and governed by the rule of proper measure (“golden mean”).