What is the main cause of avascular necrosis?

What is the main cause of avascular necrosis?

Avascular necrosis is a disease that results from the temporary or permanent loss of blood supply to the bone. It happens most commonly in the ends of a long bone. Avascular necrosis may be the result of injury, use of medicines, or alcohol. Or it may occur after bone injury or bone surgery.

Why is AVN so painful?

AVN is the loss of blood supply to the bone. Once the blood supply diminishes and the bone begins to starve, it sends a signal to the brain that something is wrong. This signal is interpreted as pain by the brain. It is constant because the bone is continually starving from the lack of blood supply.

Is walking good for AVN?

After surgery for AVN you will be required to use a walking aid such as a walker or crutches. After a drilling operation, you will probably use the walker or crutches for six weeks or so. Due to the drill holes weakening the bone around the hip, fracturing the hip by putting too much weight on it is possible.

How do you know when a bone is dying?


  • Pain in the joint that may increase over time and becomes severe if the bone collapses.
  • Pain that occurs even at rest.
  • Limited range of motion.
  • Groin pain, if the hip joint is affected.
  • Limping, if the condition occurs in the leg.
  • Difficulty with overhead movement, if the shoulder joint is affected.

What foods are good for avascular necrosis?

Hence, include fruits and vegetables like oranges, grapefruit kiwi, guava, pineapple, strawberries, cauliflower, tomatoes, and bell peppers. Soya: Soya is also rich in omega-3 fatty acids that have inflammation fighting properties. Also it is low in fat, rich in protein and fiber, hence very good for overall health.

How do you reverse AVN?

The options include:

  1. Core decompression. The surgeon removes part of the inner layer of your bone.
  2. Bone transplant (graft). This procedure can help strengthen the area of bone affected by avascular necrosis.
  3. Bone reshaping (osteotomy).
  4. Joint replacement.
  5. Regenerative medicine treatment.

What kind of test can you get for AVN?

You might get one of these imaging tests to look for what’s causing your pain: Bone scan. The doctor injects radioactive material into your vein. It travels to spots where bones are injured or healing and shows up on the image. MRI and CT scan. These give your doctor detailed images showing early changes in bone that might be a sign of AVN. X-rays.

What does AVN stand for in medical terms?

Avascular necrosis (AVN) is the death of bone tissue due to a loss of blood supply. You might also hear it called osteonecrosis, aseptic necrosis, or ischemic bone necrosis. If it isn’t treated, AVN can cause the bone to collapse. AVN most often affects your hip. Other common sites are the shoulder , knees, and ankles.

What kind of bone is affected by AVN?

The reactive zone shows irregular trebaculae with empty lacunae, and fibrosis of the marrow space. When AVN affects the scaphoid bone, it is known as Preiser disease. Another named form of AVN is Köhler disease, which affects the navicular bone of the foot, primarily in children.

How often does AVN occur in healthy people?

As many as 20,000 people develop AVN each year. Most are between ages 20 and 50. For healthy people, the risk of AVN is small. Most cases are the result of an underlying health problem or injury. Possible causes include: Dislocation or fracture of the thigh bone (femur).

Begin typing your search term above and press enter to search. Press ESC to cancel.

Back To Top