What is hot AFP case?

What is hot AFP case?

“Hot” Cases: Rapid Identification of Wild Poliovirus (WPV) Transmission by Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance – India, 2004.

What happens flaccid paralysis?

Flaccid paralysis is a neurological condition characterized by weakness or paralysis and reduced muscle tone without other obvious cause (e.g., trauma). This abnormal condition may be caused by disease or by trauma affecting the nerves associated with the involved muscles.

Can flaccid paralysis be cured?

Flaccid paralysis is a symptom, rather than an illness or disease in and of itself. Therefore, the cure for flaccid paralysis rests in the underlying condition. If the underlying condition is curable or does not cause permanent damage, than it is likely that the person will recover.

What is meant by flaccid paralysis?

Medical Definition of flaccid paralysis : paralysis in which muscle tone is lacking in the affected muscles and in which tendon reflexes are decreased or absent.

Is acute flaccid paralysis polio?

A probable case of polio is defined as an acute onset of flaccid paralysis of one or more limbs with decreased or absent tendon reflexes in the affected limbs, without other apparent cause, and without sensory or cognitive loss.

What is spastic and flaccid paralysis?

Flaccid paralysis causes your muscles to shrink and become flabby. It results in muscle weakness. Spastic paralysis involves tight and hard muscles. It can cause your muscles to twitch uncontrollably, or spasm.

What are the signs and symptoms of acute flaccid paralysis?

The most common signs and symptoms of acute flaccid myelitis include: Sudden arm or leg weakness….Other possible signs and symptoms include:

  • Difficulty moving the eyes or drooping eyelids.
  • Facial droop or weakness.
  • Difficulty with swallowing or slurred speech.
  • Pain in the arms, legs, neck or back.

How do you test for flaccid paralysis?

A diagnosis of acute flaccid myelitis can be made with the observation of weakness of the limbs, decreased reflexes and poor muscle tone on exam. Evidence of injury to the spinal cord can be confirmed using a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.

Why do strokes cause flaccid paralysis?

Flaccid Paralysis This paralysis is caused by nerve damage that prevents the muscles from receiving appropriate signals from the brain, whether or not the brain is still capable of moving those muscles.

Which is an objective of the surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis?

Objective The surveillance of acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a key strategy for monitoring the progress of poliomyelitis eradication and is a sensitive measure for detecting potential cases of poliomyelitis and poliovirus infection.

Is there such a thing as flaccid paralysis?

Called also palsy. Motor paralysis may be expressed as flaccid, in the case of lower motor neuron lesion, or spastic, in the case of an upper motor neuron lesion. See also paraplegia, quadriplegia, hemiplegia and paralyses of individual cranial and peripheral nerves.

How often does acute flaccid myelitis ( AFM ) occur?

About Acute Flaccid Myelitis. Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a rare but serious condition. It affects the nervous system, specifically the area of the spinal cord called gray matter, which causes the muscles and reflexes in the body to become weak. We have seen increases in AFM cases every two years since 2014 and mostly in young children.

What kind of paralysis is caused by ticks?

tick paralysis progressive ascending flaccid motor paralysis following the bite of certain ticks, usually Dermacentor andersoni; first seen in children and domestic animals in the northern Pacific region of North America, and now seen in other parts of the world. Volkmann’s paralysis ischemic paralysis.

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