Does artificial transmutation produce energy?
Fusion: an artificial transmutation that combines two small hydrogen nuclei to make a larger nucleus and energy. Tremendous amounts of heat and pressure are required for fusion to occur in order to overcome the repelling forces of the nuclei. Fusion produces more energy than fission and leaves no radioactive waste.
What is atomic transmutation?
Transmutation, conversion of one chemical element into another. A transmutation entails a change in the structure of atomic nuclei and hence may be induced by a nuclear reaction (q.v.), such as neutron capture, or occur spontaneously by radioactive decay, such as alpha decay and beta decay (qq. v.).
In what form is most of the energy released by atomic transmutation?
In what form is most of the energy released by atomic transmutation? Most of the energy released is in the form of the kinetic energy of the fission fragments.
How can you tell a fake transmutation?
The artificial transmutation is shown with the number of protons. The element which is to be converted is kept on the left side along with the bombarding fundamental particles, while the final element is written on the right side along with any subatomic particles.
How does ColdFusion produce energy?
Cold fusion describes a form of energy generated when hydrogen interacts with various metals like nickel and palladium. When hydrogen, the main element of water, is introduced to a small piece of the metal nickel or palladium, a reaction occurs that can create excess heat and transmutation products.
Can fusion energy be weaponized?
Unlike conventional nuclear reactors, fusion reactors cannot melt down and do not produce radioactive material that can be weaponized or that requires special disposal. Safety and environmental concerns with fusion reactors are minimal, and the deuterium and lithium required for fuel can be extracted from seawater.
How does transmutation occur in a nuclear reaction?
Nuclear transmutation is the conversion of one nuclide into another. It can occur by the radioactive decay of a nucleus, or the reaction of a nucleus with another particle.
How does the theory of cold fusion work?
Likened to perpetual motion machines, cold fusion was too hot to touch. The theory behind fusion is relatively simple. Fusion is a process by which atomic nuclei, formed of protons and neutrons, overcome their natural electromagnetic repulsion to fuse into higher elements and release energy in the process.
Why are low energy nuclear reactions considered nuclear?
These reactions, now dubbed Low Energy Nuclear Reactions (LENR), are considered to be nuclear in nature because the energy production observed, e.g., 150 watts out for 100 watts in, is higher than a chemical reaction could explain.
Is there such thing as cold fusion of deuterium?
In a paper from 2007, this same team described the theory behind the neutron production, called electron capture, which is a top contender for what P&F thought was cold fusion of deuterium. Electron capture is not a strong force reaction like fusion however.