What are border movements of mandible?
Mandibular border movements are the nonfunctional movements of the mandible. These movements are the maximum amount of movement in any direction and plane, reproducible, can be affected by the TMJ, muscles, ligaments and other tissues, and are also closely associated with occlusal patterns.
What movements are possible for the mandible?
 There are primarily 6 types of mandibular movement, including opening, closing, rightward jaw translation, leftward jaw translation, protrusion, and retrusion. Variability in jaw movement allows for mastication of different textures and consistencies.
What is border movement in dentistry?
Mandibular movement is limited by the ligaments and the articular surfaces of the TMJs as well as by the morphology and alignment of the teeth. When the mandible moves through the outer range of motion, reproducible describable limits result, which are called border movements.
What is the Bennett movement of mandible?
The Bennett movement is defined as “The bodily lateral movement or lateral shift of the mandible resulting from the movements of the condyles along the lateral inclines of the mandibular fossae in lateral jaw movements. “’ McCollum’ considered the Ben- nett movement the most important determinant of occlusion.
How many planes of movement can the mandible move in?
three reference planes
Rotational movement of the mandible can occur in all three reference planes: horizontal, frontal (vertical), and sagittal. In each plane it occurs around a point called the axis.
What is mandibular movement?
Mandibular movement refers to the muscle- and ligament-activated border and/or intraborder movements of the lower jaw. Mandibular movement is affected by several factors such as the muscles used in suspending the jaw, mandibular articulation, and the synovial joint system.
What is protrusive movement?
Medical Definition of protrusive 1 : thrusting forward protrusive movements of the jaw. 2 : prominent, protuberant a protrusive jaw.
What is hinge movement of mandible?
Mandibular movement around the horizontal axis is an opening and closing motion. It is referred to as a hinge movement, and the horizontal axis around which it occurs is therefore referred to as the hinge axis (Figure 4-2).
How does the mandible move?
Mandibular movement around the sagittal axis occurs when one condyle moves inferiorly while the other remains in the terminal hinge position (Figure 4-4). It does occur in conjunction with other movements, however, when the orbiting condyle moves downward and forward across the articular eminence.
How does the frontal plane show mandibular border movements?
Mandibular Border Movements. Frontal plane: Plotting of mandibular movement shows a border movement that is reflected on the line of the sagittal limit points. From centric occlusion, the mandible drops and moves over the occlusal contact out to the right or left limit position and from there in an even curve to the maximum opening point.
Can a mandibular border move out of centric occlusion?
Sagittal plane: Movements out of centric occlusion are possible, both as movements with tooth contact and as free mandibular movements. This yields reproducible limit positions, including the following (Fig 7-5): The lines connecting the limit points correspond to the possible border movement paths.
Why does the mandibular opening have a vertical axis?
A greater vertical overlap causes the direction of mandibular opening to be more vertical during the early phase of protrusive movement and creates a more vertical pathway at the end of the chewing stroke. Increased horizontal overlap allows a more horizontal jaw movement.
How is the movement of the mandible symmetric?
Horizontal plane: Movement of the mandible creates a rhomboid, symmetric movement path of the mandibular incisive point, which in principle can be reproduced at each centric stop in the contact area of the antagonists (Fig 7-6).