How many Which authors do you include in the first in text citation?

A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author’s name followed by et al. in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.

How do you cite a group of authors?

Group AuthorsReferences. In the reference, spell out the full group author name. Citations. In your text, use the authordate format for citations. Abbreviations. If you include the citation many times in your paper, you might want to abbreviate the group author name.

How do you cite a group of authors in MLA?

If there are three or more authors, list only the first author followed by the phrase et al. (Latin for “and others”) in place of the subsequent authors’ names. (Note that there is a period after al in et al. Also note that there is never a period after the et in et al.).

How do you cite something written in an organization?

In-Text Group or Organization as Author [6.13]Write out the full name of the organization or group, the date of publication, page and/or paragraph numbers.Afterwards abbreviate the organization or group.When using a narrative, write out the organization or group name then abbreviate later.

How do you use et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

What is the correct punctuation for et al?

Punctuation. The “al” in “et al.” is always followed by a period. This is because the term is an abbreviation of the Latin phrase “et alia”—the period indicates that it is an abbreviation: et al.

Can I use et al in a greeting?

Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

How do you make et al plural?

The word et is not abbreviated but alia is, so the full stop must be after al. When you write et al., the verb must of course have its plural form: Simon et al.

Has or after et al?

Whether it’s correct to write Author et al. has or have, suggests or suggest, or proposes or propose depends on what you mean by Author et al. —the publication or its authors. In the former case, use et al. with a singular verb; in the latter, with a plural verb.

What is the difference between ETC and et al?

As you can see, “et al.” is used to indicate a continuation of a list of people, while “etc.” is used to indicate a list of items. Similar to “etc.,” “et al.” always requires a period after “al,” no matter where it lands in the sentence.

How is et al pronounce?

“et al.” is an abbreviation. When read aloud, you pronounce the full term “et alii” (or “et alia”) – same as you would say “et cetera” when reading aloud the “etc.” abbreviation. Alternatively, you could say “and others” – same as you would say “for example” when reading aloud the “e.g.” abbreviation.

What means etc in English?

Et cetera

Why is it called etc?

ETC is a folder which contain all your system configuration files in it. Then why the etc name? “etc” is an English word which means etcetera i.e in layman words it is “and so on”. The naming convention of this folder is having some interesting history.